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In your enthusiasm, maybe you charged full speed ahead instead of starting slowly with your new fitness routine. Maybe you ignored your body when it protested.
Now you’re dealing with an injury. It’s not serious enough to require surgery, but it’s not responding to home remedies and over-the-counter pain relievers.
Don’t be surprised if your doctor recommends rest and six weeks of physical therapy.
Physical therapy is a treatment that helps improve movement and relieve pain. It may be prescribed following an injury, after surgery or to help manage a chronic condition. It’s usually completed over several weeks or months.
Afterward, you’ll likely be able to complete daily tasks much more easily and with less pain. More importantly, you’ll have the building blocks so you can continue to improve and avoid further injury.
If you’re injury is non-urgent, see your regular doctor or primary care physician (PCP) first. Your doctor can determine the best course for treatment. Depending on your injury, you may need surgery or be able to treat your injury at home.
The same is true if you have a chronic condition that impairs your mobility. Your doctor will evaluate you to see if physical therapy is right for you.
If your doctor has referred you to a physical therapist, your next step is a visit for an evaluation. This may take place in a doctor’s office or in your home. During the first visit, your physical therapist will examine you and develop a care plan tailored to your body and needs. Treatments will reduce pain, restore or improve function, improve mobility and help prevent disability.
Your therapist will also work to reduce swelling in your muscles and joints. This may include massage therapy, ultrasound, heat, cold and other techniques you can try on your own.
Your therapist will also likely use exercise. This may include stretching, walking, weightlifting or resistance training. Your movements will be monitored to help ensure you move correctly. They may also give you exercises to do on your own.
These exercises may change over the course of your treatment, and will likely become a part of your post-treatment life. While you’ll be able to feel the benefits of physical therapy throughout your treatment, one of its goals is to give you the tools you need to better manage your condition and prevent further injury.
After you complete your therapy sessions, your physical therapist will give you additional instructions for using what you’ve learned in your regular life. This may include stretches and exercises to do every day, or rules for easing back in to regular activity.
Follow these instructions to get the most out of your physical therapy sessions. It can also help prevent against further injury or pain.
For more information, visit the American Physical Therapy Association.
Originally published 2/3/2016; Revised 2021, 2023
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